Haemorrhoids (Piles)

Haemorrhoids (piles) are 'anal cushions' present in the anal canal. For a variety of reasons, these cushions can enlarge and then protrude through the anal opening. The following conditions can predispose to the development of haemorrhoids:

Haemorrhoids can occur internally (inside the anus) or externally (outside the anus). Internal haemorrhoids develop 2-4cm above the opening of the anus. They can be classified depending on their size and severity. Internal haemorrhoids are classified as follows:

Haemorrhoids that are external andassociated with blood clots beneath the skin are known as perianal haematomas. They are less common than internal haemorrhoids and develop on the outside edge of the anus. They can also be severely painful.

What are the symptoms of haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids can lead to the following symptoms/complications:

What does the treatment of haemorrhoids entail?

Treatment of haemorrhoids depends on the size of the haemorrhoids and the symptoms they produce. To treat haemorrhoids, Dr Cooper may recommend the following:

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