Peripheral vascular disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a blood circulation disorder which causes the blood vessels outside the heart and brain to narrow or block. This occur in the arteries due to atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). It may also affect the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to your limbs, stomach and intestines or the kidneys.

The main risk factors for developing atherosclerosis and subsequent peripheral vascular disease are:

Peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs is by far the most common form of clinical presentation. People diagnosed with peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs could have the following complaints (in order of severity):

Treatment options for peripheral vascular disease: